Appel à contribution

Offre d'Allocation de Recherche Doctorale : SKI RESORTS VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION COSTS

Du 09/05/2017 à 26/05/2017

SUBJECT

Ski resorts represent an essential sector of French economics with 54 million skier- days sold in 2015 and approximately 120 .000 related jobs. More generally, the contribution of the winter economy in the French commercial balance is estimated at 2 billion euros. The good health of ski resorts constitutes, presently, a crucial issue for mountain territories. Multiple uncertainties threaten on this branch of industry, especially climate change. Indeed, snow constitutes a critical resource for the current and future functioning of ski resorts, whom all climatic projections predict the rarefaction. Most scientific studies, regarding the impact of climate change on snowpack management only deal with natural snow cover, and extrapolate its trends in terms of operational conditions of ski slopes. The recent PhD thesis of P. Spandre, co- supervised by the CEN and Irstea Grenoble, established a first step towards the production of indicators consistent with the state of the art regarding climate change projections in mountain areas. This works relies on the introduction of snow management practices, grooming and snow production, in the physically based snowpack model Crocus in order to produce realistic simulations of the snowpack on ski tracks, and to compute relevant indicators for ski resorts.

The fact remains that the societal and economic perception of climate change impacts is a controversies object, linked to the intrinsic difficulties to communicate on uncertainties in climate sciences, but also to the inadequacy of indicators currently used to assess the vulnerability of this sector and its adaptation potential. In this context, the PhD project suggests to take further look at the economic impact of snow management practices in ski resorts. The purpose is to address the following questions: to what extent, investment and functioning costs for snow management could be economically viable, for example, in regards to the technical feasibility of snowmaking ? Which indicators of economic costs should be developed in an operational perspective to help decision making for ski resort managers or public decision makers ?

Addressing these issues through this PhD project requires a pronounced interest for inter- disciplinary research at the interface between physical sciences ( snow science, climate science) and socio-economic analytical frameworks of a specific economic sector. Carrying out the planned work requires significant scientific programming skills in either geospatial analysis tools ( GIS), economic modelling or snow/ climate data processing, and willingness to develop new skills in the domains less mastered at the time of the PhD start.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

Applicants must hold a Master's degree (or be about to earn one) or have a university degree equivalent to a European Master's (5-year duration)

Applicants must send their candidatures by mail to cdp.trajectories@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr

The file must include: CV, last diploma, and a short presentation of your scientific project (2 to 3 pages max). Letters of recommendation are welcome.

Selection process

Application deadline: 26/05/2017 at 17:00 (CET)

Applications will be evaluated through a three-step process:

  1. Eligibility check of applications by the end of May 2017
  2. 1st round of selection: the applications will be evaluated by a Review Board at the beginning of June 2017. Results will be given by mid-June 2017.
  3. 2nd round of selection: shortlisted candidates will be invited for an interview session in Grenoble in June 2017.

TYPE of CONTRACT: temporary-3 years of doctoral contract

JOB STATUS (Full time or part time): Full time Hours per week: 35 Offer starting date: 1/10/2017 

Salary: between 1769 € and 1989.80€ bruts per month (depending on complementary activity or not)

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Soumis par Vincent Rauzier le mar, 09/05/2017 - 15:41

Trajectories - scénariser les socio-écosystèmes alpins en mutation

, Du 09/05/2017 au 01/01/2020

Visitez le site du projet

Le projet TRAJECTORIES est l'un des projet lauréat de l’appel à projet CDP (Cross Disciplinary Program) de l'Université Grenoble Alpes. Amorcé, pour partie, par différents projet de recherche au sein du LabEx ITEM suite à l'Appel à projet de recherche SHS/Environnement (Atelier de Réflexion Prospective sur un futur programme de recherche en Moyenne et Haute Maurienne, Trajectoires adaptatives de la Haute‐Vallée de la Romanche), le projet TRAJECTORIES est un projet autonome en interraction avec ITEM.

Le projet TRAJECTORIES s’intéresse aux enjeux du développement territorial soutenable, notamment face au changement climatique. En tant que socio-écosystèmes marginaux, les régions de montagne sont potentiellement très vulnérables. Pour autant, la longue histoire de leur variabilité environnementale et leur statut économique et social marginal en font des cas exemplaires pour comprendre l’adaptation et la coévolution entre les sociétés humaines et leur environnement, avec des enseignements possibles pour d’autres régions.

Le projet vise à favoriser l’émergence d’une méthodologie innovante et interdisciplinaire, à travers les croisements entre sciences de la nature, géosciences, sciences de l’ingénieur et sciences humaines et sociales. Chaque Work Package est co-animé par des chercheurs de domaines disciplinaires éloignés, de même que la plupart des directions de thèse. La production de trajectoires socio-écologique intégrera les apports des sciences sociales et sciences de l’environnement avec l’aide des sciences de la modélisation.